Titus Manganese Steel Company | Titus Steel

Titus Manganese Steel | Titus 11-14% Manganese | Technical & Mechanical Comparison

Titus Manganese Steel (Manganal)

The Ultimate Work Hardening Manganese Steel (11-14% MN / 1% C)

General Information

TITUS Manganese Steel (TITUS Mn, Manganal) is a “Work Hardening” steel commonly referred to as “AUSTENITIC 11-14% Manganese”. Titus Mn is produced to the original “Hadfield Specification” which guarantees optimum wear and work hardening properties. It is “non-magnetic”.


Manganese Steel Advantages

WORK HARDENING refers to the fact that the steel becomes harder and harder the more it is impacted or compressed.

The “Hadfield” grade has an original hardness of approximately 220 Brinell. With continued impact and /or compression, it will surface harden to over 550 Brinell.

It should be noted that only the outer skin surface hardens. The under layer remains highly ductile and tough. As the surface wears, it continually renews itself, becoming harder and harder.

Manganese Steel (Manganal) is an austenitic steel which means it is non-magnetic. This property makes it useful in many applications such as bottom plates for lifting magnets, separator drum shells for magnetic materials, wear shoes on electric brakes, etc.

Grade ASTM 128 B2C (%)Mn (%)Si (%)S (%)P (%)
Titus Mn1.13 – 1.2011.5 – 14.0< 0.40< 0.003< 0.020
51 Ksi
(350 MPa)
136 Ksi
(940 MPa)
> 60 ft. lbs.
> 80J/cm2
220 -> 550
(19 -> 55)

Titus 11-14% Hadfield Manganese Vs Low Carbon Manganese

Hardness Comparison – 30-50% Longer Service Life

  • 100 additional Brinell points of hardness
  • 35% more carbon for more hardness
  • 85% less Sulfur 85% less fatigue cracks in service


Composition – Titus Manganese vs. Low Carbon ManganeseCSPMn
Titus Mn1.15.003.01513.0
Low Carbon Mn.85.020.01512.0


30-50% Longer Service Life

Actual Shot blast Test (side by side)a) Angular Shot.133.100
b) Spherical Shot.146.100

Titus 11-14% Manganese

  • TITUS-11-14-imgSurface work-hardens from 220 to 550 Brinell upon impact
  • Fully austenitic/non-magnetic
  • 4% Carbon and other alloys allow for work-hardening
  • Superior to low-carbon grades
  • Shot Blast Equipment Liners
  • Abrasive, Non-Magnetic Applications
  • Rail Bolster Plates
  • Magnetic Drum Liners
  • Crusher Liners
  • Crusher/Shredder Hammers & Hammer Build-Up
  • Stock Tubes
  • Crusher Breaker Plates & Bars
  • Shovel Bucket Pins
  • Jaw Crusher Build-Ups
  • Security Bars
  • Grizzly Bars

Available on plate, from Ultra-thin 4mm up to 2” and bar stock in flats, rounds, and squares.


Technical & Mechanical Comparison

OperationENDURAManganese (Manganal)AR 500

Minimum bending radius



Minimum rolling

r ≥ 6 t
Perpendicular to Grain
d ≥ 40 t
r ≥ 1.5 t
Perpendicular to Grain
r ≥ 9 t
Perpendicular to Grain Not Recommended
Ct combined thickness
(Welding Energy: about 15 J/cm)
No preheating
Up to Ct = 50 mm (2”)
Never preheat
e < 20 kj/cm
Preheating for every thickness
Heat Cutting
(oxygen cutting, plasma…)
No preheating


Up to Ct = 40 mm (1.6”)


Cut underwater to reduce heat affected zone

No preheating


Cut underwater to reduce heat affected zone

Preheating for every thickness


Cut underwater to reduce heat affected zone

Drilling, Milling …
Tungsten Carbide – Tools or high speed steel with tip in tungsten carbideTungsten Carbide – Tools or high speed steel with tip in tungsten carbideTungsten Carbide – Tools or high speed steel with tip in tungsten carbide
Impact Resistance
Toughness KCV at – 20C (-4 F)
Guarantee: > 40 J/sq cm


( > 23.6 ft – lb)


Typical Value: 55 J/ sq. cm


(32 ft – lbs)

Guarantee: > 40 J/sq cm


( > 23.6 ft – lb)


Typical Value: 55 J/ sq. cm


(32 ft – lbs)

About 30 J/sq. cm.


(18 ft – lbs)

Wear Resistance
(on an average)
About 8 times longer than mild steelAbout 10 times longer than mild steel with impactAbout 5 times longer than mild steel


For more detailed Technical Information on machining, bending, welding etc. please contact us.

Recommended Reading:

Click here for the brochure.