Below is a list of common terms used within the steel industry.

Why are they important to know?

Because they allow you to better understand how various steels are produced, what their elements are, how they are made, and how they perform.

  • AR – Abrasion Resistant. This refers to a class of steel that are tougher than mild steel and have the ability to resist wear such as sliding abrasion and/or impact abrasion. The most common AR steels are AR 400, AR 450, AR 500, and AR 600. Other types of wear resistant steel include Manganese steel and ENDURA steel.
  • AUSTENITE – A metallic, non-magnetic bit of iron and carbon formed when an iron-base alloy is heated between 1,382°F and 2,642°F.
  • BHN – Brinell Hardness Number. This number is calculated using the Brinell Hardness Test to determine the hardness of steel.
  • COC – Certificate of Conformance. Sometimes also referred to as a Mill Cert, this term details the chemistry, mechanical properties, date of production, heat number or batch number of an individual piece of steel so that it can be traced.
  • HARDENABILITY – The ability of steel to be hardened by thermal treatment (heat treatment).
  • HARDNESS – The resistance of steel to penetration.
  • OVERLAY – A mild steel plate that is fused or overlayed with chrome carbides to make the surface very hard.
  • QMS – Quality Management System. This is a formal written system that documents processes, procedures, and responsibilities for achieving quality policies and objectives. It is part of the ISO certification.
  • QUENCH – This refers to rapidly cooling material using water, air, or oil.
  • TEMPER – To reheat and cool material to improve its hardness and elasticity.
  • TENSILE – The capability of being drawn out or stretched until the steel breaks.
  • YEILD – The maximum amount of stress or pressure that can be applied to steel before permanent deformation.
  • TOLERANCE – An allowable variation between the specified measurement and the actual product.
  • TGP – Turned, ground, polished is a finishing process often used for metal shafting. Turning creates straight round bars without the strain induced by cold drawing. Grinding and polishing improves the surface finish and roundness for high dimensional accuracy.

What Are the Best Wear Resistant Steels?

ENDURA, ENDURA Dual, and Titus Manganese are sophisticated wear resistant steels that work-harden, meaning that the more you work them, the harder they get. Hit them once they get hard, hit them again they get even harder. Exceptional wear resistant steels, they are unlike any other on the market.

Contact us – your Wear & Impact Steel Specialists – to learn more about our high-quality and innovative product solutions, including ENDURA, ENDURA Dual, and Titus Manganese.